Reasonable ratio of raw materials is the basis to improve the ball formation rate

Single chemical fertilizer can not meet the needs of various nutrients of plants. NPK fertilizer production line mixes and granulates different nutrients to improve fertilizer efficiency. So how to improve the pelletizing rate of fertilizer?

fertilizer ball
fertilizer ball

1. Reasonable match of fineness of raw materials. According to our experience, the fineness of the whole raw material should be matched as follows: about 30% – 40% of the raw materials with 100-60 mesh, about 35% of the raw materials with 60 mesh to 1.00mm diameter, and about 25% – 30% of the small particles with 1.00-2.00mm diameter. The higher the fineness of the material, the better the viscosity, and the higher the surface finish of the granulated particles. However, in the production process, the proportion of high fineness materials is too high, and it is easy to cause the bad problems such as too large particles, irregular particles and material wall sticking due to the good viscosity.

2. The reasonable collocation of cohesive material and dispersive material. In the production process formula, the proportion of viscous raw materials is high, the organic fertilizer granulator is easy to form balls, the proportion of dispersive raw materials is high, and there are more fine powders. In the conventional formula, the proportion of low concentration compound fertilizer viscosity raw material is 45% – 50%, and the proportion of high concentration compound fertilizer viscosity raw material is 35% – 40%. At the same time, it should be combined with material fineness. With bad matching, there will be no fine powder, no particles, particles are not round, easy to get big balls and other problems in the production process.

3. The chemical reaction between materials should be considered when formulating. After the formulation of some materials, free water will be precipitated during the production process, which will cause the liquid phase of the material to exceed the standard and cannot be produced normally. After matching, some raw materials will greatly reduce the critical relative humidity of the mixture. During the process of organic fertilizer production equipment, due to the large amount of moisture absorption Unable to produce normally. Therefore, the chemical reaction between the materials must be considered when formulating to achieve a reasonable match between the materials.

4. Comprehensive water content of the material after mixing. The water content of the raw materials directly affects the pelletizing effect of the disc granulator machine. Some materials are stirred into mud without steam and water in the production, resulting in the failure of normal production. Therefore, keeping a low water content of the material is conducive to the addition of steam in the granulation, to the improvement of the temperature and viscosity of the material, so as to improve the compatibility between the materials and the balling rate.

Cassava residue fermentation and feeding method

What is the difference between cassava residue fermented organic fertilizer and non fermented organic fertilizer? There are many disadvantages in the traditional cassava residue fermentation: not only the fermentation time is long, the labor intensity of the fermentation process is large, it takes a lot of energy to stir a ton of cassava residue and other mixtures, but also the nutrition of the cassava residue treated by this method can not be completely released and improved. So what are the advantages of using organic fertilizer production equipment to process cassava residue?

Cassava residue ferment organic fertilizer
Cassava residue ferment organic fertilizer

Fermentation of cassava dregs with compost turner

Mix the starter with corn flour (wheat flour, dry potato flour, cassava flour and sorghum flour, as much as possible), stir evenly, add a large amount of cassava residue, and a small amount of brown sugar. The water content shall be controlled within 60% (the standard for the water content of roughage starter is: grasp a handful of feed by hand, and hold it gently, a small amount of water will drip out, or there will be water between fingers. The raw materials are piled up for fermentation, and then the raw materials are put into the fermentation tank for fermentation, and a layer of textile bag is added on the top to protect the plastic film. Generally, it needs to be fermented for 10-15 days, with sweet wine and mellow aroma, which can be used to feed pigs.

In the fermentation process, the use of compost turning machine to deal with the barber ferment, the efficiency of mechanized tossing is more than three times that of traditional fermentation and cooking. High temperature compost can rapidly degrade its crude fiber, improve nutrition and digestibility, greatly improve the use of cassava residue in feeding, and reduce feed cost to the maximum extent.

Feeding method of cassava residue organic fertilizer

Feed pigs with 30% fermented cassava residue and 70% mixed feed. Without mixing materials, corn flour, wheat bran, peanut bran or soybean meal, bone meal, trace elements and other raw materials are used to prepare the mixed feed. When preparing, it should be noted that energy feed accounts for 70% and protein feed accounts for 30%, and it can be fed as a mixed feed. Because the mixture is dry, and the fermented cassava residue is a wet material with a moisture content of about 70%, when preparing the mixture with the cassava residue fermentation material, a 30% ratio of cassava residue is recommended for practical use. The weight, that is, the total weight of the formulated feed is 50 kg, which is the weight of the dry feed. Fermented cassava dregs account for 30% of the total, and the actual amount formulated into the feed is 30 kg.

Since its establishment for many years, Tianci fertilizer machine enterprise has focused on fertilizer manufacturing equipment, crusher, screening machine, dryer, organic fertilizer granulator, packaging machine, etc. we always put the interests of customers first, and insist on transferring good compost fermentation equipment to more farmers.

Cow manure orgnaic fertilizer production line

The raw materials of producing the organic fertilizer granulator can be the chicken manure,cow manure and other type animal manure and so on. Depending on these raw materials we can design the relative fertilizer production line to finish the production process.Using the cow manure organic fertilizer is to be making the organic fertilizer we also designed the cow manure organic fertilizer production line.
The production process of cow manure organic fertilizer production:
1.Fermentation :Put the cow urine on the mobile phone,mix with hay and rotten silage to make compost,and let it ferment.
2.Ingredient crushing and mixing:the composted materials,N,P,K and other inorganic fertilizers and other additivies are crushed,proportioned and comminuted in a certain proportion through the material grinder and horizontal mixer.
3.Granulation:use a new type of organic fertilizer granulator machine to granulation materials.
4.Screening and return system:the particles output from the pelletilizing and forming system have certain differences in particle size,which requires screening and classification.The selected rotary screener machine is required to have small vibration,low noise,convenient.
5.Drying:Use the organic fertilizer dryer to further remove the moisture content of the screened particles to meet the standard requirements of the moisture content of the organic fertilizer,drying and improving the particle forming.
6.Cooling:use a cooler to cool the granular materials,which helps to store the heat output by the dryer with good quality,while the granular materials enter into te cooler from above.Under the effect of the cooling fan,the dry air enters from the lower part of the cooler,and fully exchanges cold and heat with the hot and humidd particles from above.Under the effect of the cooling fan,the dry air enters from the lower part of the cooler,and fully exchanges cold and heat with the hot and humid particles from above.
7.Packaging:the cooled granular materials are transported to the finished product warehouse througn the bucket elevator.
The above is the production process of cattle manure organic fertilizer production line.This process is a complete granular organic fertilizer production process.According to the production process will be different depending on the application.In the growth process of crops,we must pay attention to the processing of organic fertilizer and then use it,so that we can get rid of some our own bacteria,which will not pollute and can be more scientific elimination of these bacteria.

roller press granulator
organic fertilizer machine
NPK and organic fertilizer granulator 

Why and how should sheep manure be fermented?

There are many hazards in the direct use of sheep manure without fermentation treatment, which are shown in the following aspects:
1. Infectious diseases and insect pests. Feces contain coliform, nematode and other pathogens and pests. Direct use of feces leads to the spread of pests and diseases, crop diseases, and also has an impact on the human health of agricultural products; when immature organic substances are fermented in the soil, it is easy to breed pathogens and pests, which also leads to the occurrence of plant pests and diseases.
2. Ferment and burn the seedlings. If the fermentation site is close to the root and the plant is small, the heat produced by fermentation will affect the growth of the crop, and even cause the death of the plant.
3. Toxic gas hazard. In the process of decomposition, harmful gases such as methane and ammonia are produced, causing acid damage and root damage to soil and crops.
The soil is lack of oxygen. During the decomposition of organic matter, the oxygen in the soil is consumed, which makes the soil temporarily in the state of anoxia, which will inhibit the growth of crops.
The fertilizer effect was slow. Most of the nutrients in the unfermented and rotten organic fertilizers are organic or slow effect, which can not be directly absorbed and utilized by crops. Only when they are decomposed into quick effect, can they be absorbed and utilized by crops. Therefore, direct application without fermentation can slow down the fertilizer effect.
6 environmental pollution. The farm uses direct application method to absorb manure, and the manure can be disposed at the peak of crop fertilization; in the off-season of fertilization, no one cares about the manure, so we have to allow it to accumulate, wind and rain, loss of fertilizer efficiency, pollution of the environment and groundwater resources.
7. Inconvenient use and low efficiency. Untreated feces are difficult to transport, large in volume, low in effective ingredients and high in use cost. The transformation time of organic matter to humus is long, and the nutrient loss is serious.

Why and how should sheep manure be fermented?

Fermentation method of sheep manure:
1. The amount of sheep manure mixed with a certain amount of straw powder depends on the water content of sheep manure. Generally, 45% of the water content is required for fermentation, that is to say, the mixture is kneaded into a ball by hand, and the water can be seen through the fingers, but no water can be dripping, and it will be dispersed once the solution is released.
2. Then, according to the proportion of 1 ton of raw material (about 1.5 tons of fresh material) and 3 kg of raw biological compound bacteria solution, dilute the bacteria solution and water at the proportion of 1:300, spray them evenly into the material pile, mix and ferment. Adding a proper amount of corn flour can provide sugar for the fermentation of bacteria, which makes the multi-dimensional complex enzyme bacteria quickly take the absolute advantage.
3. Add the prepared mixture into the mixer or other fertilizer equipment for mixing, and make sure that the mixture is even, transparent and free of lumps.
4. The stirred ingredients are piled into long strips between 2.0m-3.0m wide and 1.5m-2.0m high (the fermentation effect of the pile with a length of more than 3m is better), which are turned over and thrown once every 3 days with a turning machine.
5. Heaped for 3 days, odorless for 5 days, loose for 9 days, fragrant for 12 days and fat for 15 days. On the third day of composting, the temperature can reach 60 ℃ – 80 ℃, killing diseases and insect pests such as E.coli and eggs; on the fifth day, the odor of sheep manure is eliminated; on the ninth day, the compost becomes loose and dry, full of white hyphae; on the twelfth day, it sends out a kind of distiller’s yeast flavor; on the 15th day, the compost is fermented and matured.
The whole fermentation organic fertilizer production line needs 7-10 days to complete. The finished organic fertilizer is fluffy, dark brown, with wine flavor or soil flavor, rich in nutrients, and nutritious soil for fruits, vegetables, cash crops and seedlings.

roller granulator
granulator machine for fertilizer
drum granulator
fertilizer granulator machine

Cow manure advanced organic fertilizer production process

Cow manure organic fertilizer produced by organic fertilizer machine is non-toxic, pollution-free, safe to use, can fix nitrogen, remove phosphorus and potassium, and can decompose the residues of chemical pesticides and chemical fertilizers. It can increase production and quality for the planting and breeding industry The role of disease resistance. Through the establishment of organic fertilizer production line, the manure of the farm can be processed into organic fertilizer, which not only can solve the problem of manure pollution, but also can bring additional income and kill two birds with one stone.

The organic fertilizer machines included in the production line are:
1. Fermentation compost windrow turner: applicable to the tossing of animal manure, biogas residue, straw and other organic fertilizer materials
2. Semi wet material crusher: from the upper rotor to the lower rotor at high speed, suitable for certain wet material.
3. Organic fertilizer granulator: high pelletizing rate can reach over 93%, high particle hardness and good appearance.
4. Roller screen: separate the particles from the returned materials, and the returned materials are transported to the disc granulator by the belt conveyor for reprocessing.
5. Dryer: because it can have certain humidity, it needs to be dried. It has high utilization rate of heat energy and fast drying.
6. Automatic packing scale: packing the finished products into the market.

The process layout between the whole set of organic fertilizer machine is compact, scientific and reasonable, advanced fertilizer production process, energy saving and consumption reduction, no three emissions, stable operation, reliable operation, convenient maintenance, wide adaptability of raw materials.

fertilizer production process
organic fertilizer granulator
compost windrow turner

Compost semi wet material crusher in fertilizer processing

Organic fertilizer crusher is an important link in the production line of chicken manure organic fertilizer. It also has a special machine for processing. The emergence of the organic fertilizer crusher greatly reduces the human crushing, and the efficiency of the organic fertilizer processing is also greatly improved.
The technology of organic fertilizer crusher integrates the crushing function of materials after fermentation. After the material is dehydrated, the crusher can effectively break the fertilizer lumps formed in the fermentation process easily, which not only saves the work of the crusher, reduces the cost, but also improves the grinding efficiency, and fundamentally solves the disadvantages of the crusher. The organic fertilizer crusher is suitable for the comminution of wet materials after composting and fermentation. It is widely used in the comminution process of high humidity materials, such as organic minerals, humic acid, lignite, pig manure organic fertilizer, chicken manure organic fertilizer, sheep manure organic fertilizer, cow manure organic fertilizer, biogas residue organic fertilizer, urban domestic waste, etc. The inner part of the equipment is equipped with a forced discharging screw device to make the machine non stick and non block, and the discharging fineness can reach 80 mesh. The machine solves the problem of crushing high water content materials.
Organic fertilizer production equipment not only processes the fermentation materials much faster than the traditional fermentation method, but also effectively prevents the production of hydrogen sulfide, ammonia and other harmful gases in the fermentation process, which not only meets the environmental requirements, but also can produce good organic fertilizer. Chicken manure composting meets the requirements of the mechanism and technology of microbial fermentation. The organic manure crusher can effectively mix the viscous livestock manure with microbial agents and straw powder. It takes about three hours to deodorize chicken manure in the loose material state, and the fermentation temperature is controlled at about 60℃ for four days. The fertilizer can be formed in 7 days, and the number of beneficial microorganisms in the soil is not less than 30 billion / g.
The comminuted compost is favorable for granulation. The raw material is crushed into powder and processed into granule by fertilizer granulator, which is more convenient for use.

Very important organic fertilizer fermentation process

Scientific and reasonable fermentation can promote the growth of disease resistant organisms in the process of fermentation, accompanied by the growth of a large number of microorganisms and a series of complex biochemical reactions. Organic fertilizer fertilizer fermentation can improve the rapid growth and development of crops, inhibit the spread of soil diseases, and improve the disease resistance and stress resistance of crops. Today, we put forward the notice of fermentation in the fertilizer production process, hoping to help you.

  1. Ensure that the bottom of fermentation platform is ventilated and oxygen permeable;

  2. The height and width of the compost are 0.8-1.5m and 1.5-2.0m respectively. The length can be determined according to the amount of farmyard fertilizer. The compost is too small to heat, ferment and decompose completely.

  3. If the fertilizer used by farmers is too long or too much, it needs to be adjusted by adding fresh fertilizer in the fermentation process;

  4. Compost and compost to prevent the surface of agricultural fertilizer from drying and complete fermentation.

  5. it is necessary to adjust the naturally fermented farmyard manure for two times fermentation
    (1) Fermentation with weeds and crop straws (can be cooked in about 25 days): crushing or mashing weeds and crops can adjust straw (usually 3-5cm in length) to 40% manure or biogas slurry; it can also be adjusted with 2% urea (46% nitrogen) or fertilizer equivalent to nitrogen fertilizer; it can be adjusted by adding fresh fertilizer at a weight ratio of 3:1-4:1.
    (2) Pure manure fermentation (about 20 days to decompose): can be added to crush weeds, crop straw fermentation, adjust the compost water content about 60%, generally add the weight ratio of 3:14. : 1 adjust fermentation.
    (3) Fermentation with faeces (can decompose for about 15 days): after directly expanding the volume of the strain, evenly remove a layer in the shell, stir it with a compost windrow turner, and then directly stack it on the fermentation platform. Repeat. If the water is too large, it can be adjusted by adding an appropriate amount of drying auxiliary materials to the shell.

organic fertilizer machine

organic fertilizer granulator

Working principle and characteristics of double roller granulator for dry granulation

Working principle of double roller granulator

When the double roller granulator works, it is forced to roll the material into shape by two opposite moving roller skins of the granulator. Semi circular spherical cavities are regularly distributed on the two cylindrical roller skins. When the roller skin rotates against each other, the two semicircular cavities just form a complete spherical mold, and the materials inside are forced to be extruded into spherical particles. Due to the continuity of extrusion production, the particles and particles are connected together when they are just extruded, forming a cloth full of particles, which needs to be broken up by the crushing roller and divided into small round particles, and then screened from the screen to select the qualified particles.

double roller granulator

In the production of granular fertilizer by double roller fertilizer granulation machine, it should be noted that the ball socket on the two roller skins should be in good position. If it is not adjusted in place, there will be a certain dislocation during granulation, which can not produce qualified granular fertilizer. In addition, after the formation of particles, they will be released from the ball and socket of roller skin in time, so as to realize continuous production. If the formed particles do not come out in time, complete particles will not be formed, thus affecting the normal production.

Characteristics of double roller granulator for dry granulation
1. There is no drying process in the organic fertilizer granulation machine. It is granulated at room temperature and formed in one time. It has the advantages of less investment, quick effect and good economic benefit.
2. Compound fertilizer double roll extrusion granulator has small power, reliable operation, no waste discharge, stable operation, convenient maintenance, reasonable process layout, advanced technology and low production cost.
3. The material of the roller extrusion granulator is widely used, not only in fertilizer industry, but also in all kinds of chemical raw materials such as snow melting agent.

Environmental protection granulation process of double roller granulator

The double roller granulator uses the way of forced extrusion to make particles, the whole process does not need drying and cooling, and the equipment investment is small. What’s more important is that this granulation method is a very environmentally friendly production mode because it is made of particles by physical methods, and the whole process has no pollution and no waste.

double roller gr

Environmental protection granulation process of double roller granulator

When the double roller extrusion granulator works, it is forced to roll the material into shape by two opposite moving roller skins of the granulator. Semi circular spherical cavities are regularly distributed on the two cylindrical roller skins. When the roller skin rotates against each other, the two semicircular cavities just form a complete spherical mold, and the materials inside are forced to be extruded into spherical particles. Due to the continuity of extrusion production of organic fertilizer granulation machine, the particles and particles are connected together when they are just extruded, forming a cloth full of particles, which needs to be broken up by the crushing roller and divided into small round particles, and then screened from the screen to select the qualified particles.

The fertilizer granulation machine has the advantages of low investment and good economic benefit. The complete set of equipment is compact in layout, scientific and reasonable, and advanced in technology. Energy saving and consumption reduction, no three wastes discharge, stable operation, reliable operation and convenient maintenance. It is suitable for granulation of various raw materials such as compound fertilizer, medicine, chemical industry, feed and so on.

Application of poultry manure organic fertilizer production line in Xinjiang

The fertilizer production still needs to be operated by professional npk production line. The chicken manure without fermentation and ripening is used as organic fertilizer after drying, which will ferment and ripen in natural state, which may harm crops and is not conducive to crop growth. Chicken manure into organic fertilizer requires fermentation, ripening, granulation and drying process. After high temperature decomposition, it does not contain harmful bacteria and insect eggs, which avoids the disadvantages of farm manure, such as easy to burn seedlings, odor, and many diseases and insect pests.

poultry manure organic fertilizer production line in Xinjiang
poultry manure organic fertilizer production line in Xinjiang

Treatment mode of small fertilizer production line

First of all, the wheat straw is mechanically crushed by a pulverizer, then poured into the fermentation tank, mixed with water, added with sludge, and then added with chicken manure, sheep manure, rabbit manure, urea, etc. The raw material of organic fertilizer begins to ferment and decompose. After about 15 days of fermentation, the material is processed by the compost turning machine, so that the straw can rot completely and release the fertility, which is absorbed by the sludge, and the fertility of other organic fertilizers is absorbed at the same time.

compost turning machine  in Xinjiang
compost turning machine in Xinjiang

Then the material is crushed by the semi wet material pulverizer and sent to the drum screening machine for screening. It can be used after 5 days of secondary fermentation. After crushing and screening, the materials can be granulated by rotary drum granulator or other granulating equipment, the appearance of particles is more beautiful and the granulation rate is higher.

The configuration of small organic fertilizer production line directly affects the benefit. Therefore, for fertilizer equipment, we can not blindly choose, to choose the appropriate configuration of fertilizer production line. Huaqiang fertilizer machine price is low, and It has a good quality, which is the first choice for small organic and npk fertilizer plants. The conveying equipment of fertilizer production line adopts belt conveyor and large angle belt conveyor, which not only ensures the smooth transportation system, but also protects the particles, reduces the height of the plant and reduces the infrastructure construction.